Potential Assessment of Selenium for Improving Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Garlic (Allium sativum L.)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Horticultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Plant Production and Genetics Department, Faculty of Agriculture Science and Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran

4 Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Vegetable Crops, Agricultural University of Athens


In order to evaluate the effect of different levels of nitrogen and selenium on the yield and nitrogen utilization efficiency, a factorial experiment was conducted based on a randomized complete block design with three replications at Razi University. In this experiment, the first factor included different levels of nitrogen including 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 and the second factor was selenium foliar spraying at three levels of 0, 5 and 10 mg L-1 of sodium selenate. Nitrogen, selenium and the interaction between two factors had a significant effect on the biological and economic yield of garlic. The interaction between nitrogen and selenium increased the harvest index of garlic. According to the obtained results, increasing the amount of nitrogen and selenium increased the yield and nitrogen utilization efficiency. The use of 150 kg ha-1 of nitrogen along with 10 mg L-1 of sodium selenate has caused garlic to have the highest nitrogen utilization efficiency in addition to its high ability to absorb nitrogen and produce maximum yield.

Graphical Abstract

Potential Assessment of Selenium for Improving Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Garlic (Allium sativum L.)


  • Different levels of nitrogen and selenium affected on nitrogen use efficiency of garlic.
  • Enrichment of garlic with selenium was observed.
  • Reducing the use of nitrogen fertilizer was associated with reducing the cost of planting and protecting the environment.
  • Improving the health of community members was observed.
  • For the first time, the interaction between nitrogen and selenium in garlic has been investigated.


Main Subjects

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